World Autism Awareness Day is April 2, it’s the day where people wear blue or pin blue ribbons to show solidarity. Autism is a developmental disability; signs usually appear in the early years which affect a child’s ability to communicate and interact with others. Autism is a very complex disorder; it affects everyone differently.
There are some people who live independently while there others who require extra help. Asperger’s Syndrome is one form of Autism that is less severe, people with this disorder have good language and cognitive skills. Children with autism are viewed as unapproachable or uninterested in others.
For those with Asperger’s Disorder however, that’s not the case, they have the desire to socialize just unsure on how to do so. They may be socially awkward, lack understanding of social norms or ability to show empathy. Most of us have a normal grasp of sarcasm and certain gestures they aren't able to distinguish the difference. It's been stated when they develop an interest or become fond of something it’s borderline obsessive.
Here are some facts:
In 2018 the CDC determined that approximately 1 in 59 children is diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD).1 in 37 boys
- 1 in 151 girls
- Boys are four times more likely to be diagnosed with autism than girls.
- Most children were still being diagnosed after age 4, though autism can be reliably diagnosed as early as age 2.
- 31% of children with ASD have an intellectual disability (intelligence quotient [IQ] <70), 25% are in the borderline range (IQ 71–85), and 44% have IQ scores in the average to above average range (i.e., IQ >85).
- Autism affects all ethnic and socioeconomic groups.
- Minority groups tend to be diagnosed later and less often.
- Early intervention affords the best opportunity to support healthy development and deliver benefits across the lifespan.
- There is no medical detection for autism.
- Autism can affect the whole body.
- Attention Deficient Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects an estimated 30 to 61 percent of children with autism.
- More than half of children with autism have one or more chronic sleep problems.
- Anxiety disorders affect an estimated 11 to 40 percent of children and teens on the autism spectrum.
- Depression affects an estimated 7% of children and 26% of adults with autism.
- Children with autism are nearly eight times more likely to suffer from one or more chronic gastrointestinal disorders than are other children.
- As many as one-third of people with autism have epilepsy (seizure disorder).
- Studies suggest that schizophrenia affects between 4 and 35 percent of adults with autism. By contrast, schizophrenia affects an estimated 1.1 percent of the general population.
- Autism-associated health problems extend across the life span – from young children to senior citizens. Nearly a third (32 percent) of 2 to 5-year-olds with autism are overweight and 16 percent are obese. By contrast, less than a quarter (23 percent) of 2 to 5-year-olds in the general population are overweight and only 10 percent are medically obese.
- Risperidone and aripiprazole, the only FDA-approved medications for autism-associated agitation and irritability.